An analysis of the female breast and the history of western civilization

Shape, texture, and support The morphologic variations in the size, shape, volume, tissue density, pectoral locale, and spacing of the breasts determine their natural shape, appearance, and position on a woman's chest.

a history of the breast pdf

Even certain male deities representing regeneration and fertility were occasionally depicted with breast-like appendices, such as the river god Hapy who was considered to be responsible for the annual overflowing of the Nile. They are sensitive to the touch as they have many nerve endings; and it is common to press or massage them with hands or orally before or during sexual activity.

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The ideal form was a flat torso, which inevitably pushed the breasts upwards and out. Some religions ascribe a special status to the female breast, either in formal teachings or through symbolism. This continues for approximately four years until the final shape of the breast size, volume, density is established at about the age of The succeeding Mycenae civilization emphasized the breast, which had a special cultural and religious significance, associating the mature figure with fertility and procreation. Approximately two years after the onset of puberty a girl's first menstrual cycle , estrogen and growth hormone stimulate the development and growth of the glandular fat and suspensory tissues that compose the breast. They are distributed throughout the body of the breast. While U. Female breasts were also prominent in the Minoan civilization in the form of the famous Snake Goddess statuettes. During a woman's life, her breasts change size, shape, and weight due to hormonal changes during puberty , the menstrual cycle , pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause. Wall paintings in Crete, the center of the Minoan civilization , show a woman performing athletics in what has been described as a "bikini". The breasts become larger, the nipple-areola complex becomes larger and darker, the Montgomery's glands enlarge, and veins sometimes become more visible. Many cultures, including Western cultures in North America, associate breasts with sexuality and tend to regard bare breasts as immodest or indecent.

Warner manufactured the "Crosby" bra for a while, but it did not become a popular style and eventually was discontinued. Catalog companies continued to use the designations Small, Medium and Large through the s.

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who invented the bra and why

Their major appeal was to those for whom lung function and mobility were priorities, rather than outer appearance. Female breasts were also prominent in the Minoan civilization in the form of the famous Snake Goddess statuettes.

These glands secrete oily fluid that lubricate and protect the nipple during breastfeeding.

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From Venus to Katie Price: A brief history of the breast