An analysis of the topic of the genetic engineering
A group of scientists has performed transcriptome analysis in GMO lines developed for enhanced insect attraction in Arabidopsis and compared it with naturally occurring non-GMO lines to identify transcriptional distance between the two groups [ 39 ]. The resulting organism is called a transgenic or genetically modified organism, or GMO.
Other studies using proteomic or transcriptomic approaches to compare the GMO with the wild type found only intended alterations [ 7 ], while no unintended changes were found. Genetic engineering is accomplished by taking genes from one organism and planting them in another.
Some people are opposed to genetic engineering entirely, believing that science should not interfere with the natural process of how organisms are created and develop.
In plants, genetic engineering has been applied to improve the resilience, nutritional value and growth rate of crops such as potatoes, tomatoes and rice. Examples of such organisms include plants that are resistant to certain insects and plants that can withstand herbicides.
Sincethere are many introducing genetic engineering in crops production as it can bring a lot of benefits e.
Genetic engineering examples
Due to the abundance of GMOs in the market, it has become very difficult to keep the sequence information of all the transgenes. Hybridization of these chips with fluorescently labeled cDNA can identify the genes which are differentially expressed between GMO and wild type. Bacteria , the first organisms to be genetically modified, can have plasmid DNA inserted containing new genes that code for medicines or enzymes that process food and other substrates. These occurrences are real, and they have succeeded. This is driven by what the aim is for the resultant organism and is built on earlier research. These risk assessment methods mainly involve the comparison of the agronomic traits, composition, animal nutrition, and production of toxins of the new product with commercially available for multiple years and at multiple sites. Clinical trials using immune cells engineered through synthetic biology have been shown to push some patients into remission from blood cancer.
Image credit: Genome Research Limited What else is genetic engineering used for? The containment of biotechnological material in laboratories and industrial plants contributes to the risk of accidental release, especially if the handling and storage are inadequate.
Moreover, RNA-seq provides us the absolute quantification as compared to microarray which give comparative quantification. Many people today support genetic engineering because it has many potential benefits for Genetic Engineering.
Genetic engineering in humans
The addition of genes is achieved through a carrier which can be through a virus. The genetic modification process through which medical biologist and scientist subsequently alter the genetic makeup of DNA material. This means, since plants and humans, and animals all contain almost similar genes, one can insert cucumber genes into a human, and human genes into a pig. The engineered sugarcane could become a valuable energy crop. Yield and nutritional content of food crops are being modified to improve the feed for humans and animals. This is driven by what the aim is for the resultant organism and is built on earlier research. The cell containing the gene is opened and the DNA is purified. A large number of crops have already been subjected to genetic engineering or modification, including canola, cotton, maize, melons, papayas, potatoes, rice, sugar beets, sweet peppers, tomatoes and wheat.
Genetic engineering can also prevent long-time diseases from continuing in a family and help treat many illnesses. Main article: Regulation of genetic engineering The regulation of genetic engineering concerns the approaches taken by governments to assess and manage the risks associated with the development and release of GMOs.
based on 115 review