What is findings in research paper

It presents these findings in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation from the author, setting up the reader for later interpretation and evaluation in the Discussion section.

Sample of summary of findings in research

Not all results that emerge from the methodology used to gather information may be related to answering the "So What? By writing with clarity and conciseness and by highlighting and explaining the crucial findings of your study, authors increase the impact and effectiveness of their research manuscripts. If you construct your tables and figures before drafting your findings section, they can serve as focal points to help you tell a clear and informative story about your findings and avoid unnecessary repetition. Double-check the accuracy and consistency of all the data, as well as all of the visual elements included. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your findings. Confusing figures with tables. The background information you described in the introduction section should provide the reader with any additional context or explanation needed to understand the results. Including raw data or intermediate calculations. Be sure to properly label any non-textual elements in your paper. The chemical and physical complexity of plasma-surface interactions has so far eluded the accurate numerical simulation that would enable process design. As a general rule, tables and figures should be numbered according to first mention in the main text of the paper, and each one should be clearly introduced and explained at least briefly in that text so that readers know what is presented and what they are expected to see in a particular visual element. Therefore, it is crucial to know how to caption the figures and refer to them within the text of the Results section. Step 3: Design effective visual presentations of your research results to enhance the textual report of your findings.

This is not to say that you don't acknowledge tangential findings and, in fact, can be referred to as areas for further research in the conclusion of your paper.

If it is important to highlight a particular finding, you will have an opportunity to emphasize its significance in the discussion section. The structure of your findings section might be determined by your research questions and hypotheses or match the arrangement of your methods section.

Results section of a research paper apa

This can be done under either format noted above [i. Be concise, using non-textual elements, such as figures and tables, if appropriate, to present results more effectively. Document them and then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. It is not uncommon to have unanticipated results that are not relevant to answering the research question. If raw data is to be included, place it in an appendix or set of appendices that are referred to in the text. Step 1: Consult the guidelines or instructions that the target journal or publisher provides authors and read research papers it has published, especially those with similar topics, methods, or results to your study. The chemical and physical complexity of plasma-surface interactions has so far eluded the accurate numerical simulation that would enable process design. San Francisco Edit; Ng, K. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper. A reliable and extensive input data base for calculating plasma generation, transport, and surface interaction. Watch particularly for length limitations and restrictions on content. A good strategy is to always re-read the background section of your paper after you have written up your results to ensure that the reader has enough context to understand the results [and, later, how you interpreted the results in the discussion section of your paper]. Data from multiple graphs can be placed into one figure to consolidate results. The academic or scientific discipline of the research, the field of specialisation, the particular author or authors, the targeted journal or other publisher and the editor making the decisions about publication can all have a significant impact. Experimental Biosciences Resources.

Rice University; Hancock, Dawson R. Read your draft aloud to catch language errors grammar, spelling, and mechanicsawkward phrases, and missing transitions.

The Instrumentation and Laboratory Improvement Program sponsored by the National Science Foundation has been partly successful in fulfilling these needs, but it is not sufficient.

how to write results and discussion in a research paper

The broad interdisciplinary nature of plasma processing is highlighted in the discussion of education issues outlined in Chapter 5which addresses the challenges and opportunities associated with providing a science education in the area of plasma processing.

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How To Write the Findings Section of a Research Paper, Scholarly Advice